Today, the meeting was held of scientists of Moscow State University named after M.Lomonosov with teacher of chemistry and biology of Kazakhstan in one of the halls of “Duman” hotel. The meeting was opened by Boranbaу A.A., Deputy Director of RSPC “Daryn”:
- Dear guests, dear friends! I think that today, during the dialogue of scientists and practicing teachers, there will be many questions, since there is a symbiosis of science and practice, of classical teaching experience and innovation.
In Kazakhstan, like in other countries, young people are seeking high-quality knowledge to apply it for the well-being of their country. We, in our country work with gifted children through special high schools (gymnasiums and lyceums), secondary schools with special classes, Republican specialized boarding schools for Physics and Mathematics, schools with profound study of Kazakh language and literature, musical boarding schools, regional special schools for gifted children, etc.
Olimpiads in secondary school general subjects of various levels (school, district, city, regional, national, international) are very important to identify gifted children. Center “Daryn” has a definite place in the international community on the issue of gifted children. In 2000, it became a member of the World Council for talents and gifted people. The cooperation agreements were concluded with Moscow State University named after M.Lomonosov, MISA (Moscow Institute of Steels and Allows), MIPT (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) and International Olympiads’ Organizing Committees in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Computer Science, Russian language and literature.
Now, let me give the word to Lunin Valery Vasil'evich, Academician of RAS, Professor, Dean of the Department of Chemistry of Moscow State University.
The well-known academician said that Mendeleev Chemistry Olympiad held regularly since 1956. Prior to crush of Soviet Union, it was held under the name “All-Union Chemical Olympiad”. In 1992, the Olympiad has gained international status, and since 1997, it is carried out not only in Russia, but in other states. In the system a high level subject Olympiads, MO (Mendelеev Olimpiad) has a unique position. The fact, that the Chemists were the only ones among the natural scientists who were able to preserve traditions of former All-Union competition, which after the collapse of the Soviet Union is held annually, but on two areas: All-Russian Olympiad and the Mendeleev Chemistry Olympiad. Since 2004, in addition to CIS and Baltic States, the teams from Bulgaria, Macedonia and Romania started participating in the Mendeleev Olympiads.
For the first 6 years, the IMO was held in Moscow. Later, in 1997, the IMO was held in Armenia.
In his speech, V.V.Lunin noted, that the Mendeleev Olympiad in Chemistry exists thanks to a Union of Chemists. Each year, the geography of the Mendeleev Olympiad expands - this year's competition involves, for the first time, teams of students from Turkey and Georgia.
Mendeleev Olympiad is one of the ways to identify gifted children in the Chemical Science.
Famous scientist stressed, that all the students should know Biology and Chemistry – this is imperative of the time, as the process of integration of interdisciplinary sciences (interdisciplinary collaboration) is going on now.
V.V.Lunin is sure that universities should introduce a “zero” year to ensure successful education of undergraduate students, and the MSU is now solving this problem.
A.Y. Borschevsky, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry Department of Moscow State University, made a presentation on the topic “Fullerenes – the molecular modification of carbon”. Andrei Yakovlevich told that a new molecule - fulleron was discovered in carbon in 1985. He noted that this scientific discovery happened unexpectedly. Scientists were looking for a specific composition, but have found a completely different molecule.
I.V.Trushkov, Ph.D. in Chemistry, Associate Professor of Chemistry Department of Moscow State University, in his presentation “Innovative methods of teaching Chemistry in the modern school”, said to teach the Chemistry, the teacher should first make students interested in the subject, get their attention (to carry out various experiments, create new experiments together with students) and to link science of Chemistry with the human life.
The presentation of O.N. Ryzhova, Ph.D in Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor of Chemistry Department of Moscow State University, member of the Organizing Committee of the Olуmpiad, caused a particular interest among the audience. Oksana Nikolaevna made a speech on the topic “Current state of the fundamental chemical education”. She told of the Chemistry Department of Moscow State University (45 academic chairs, 80 research laboratories), about current problems in teaching Chemistry in the Moscow State University and in the Chemistry Departments of other universities.
O.N.Ryzhova identified the following disadvantages that exist at present in students’ admission to the Chemistry Departments of the universities:
1. Steady decline of interest in obtaining fundamental chemical education in contemporary Russian society.
2. Continuing increase in the number of universities and admission of students in them accordingly.
3. Unfavorable demographic situation in the country.
4. Low overall level of students’ training.
Oksana Ryzhova noted that the importance of Chemistry Science and Industry in Kazakhstan compared to Russia, is increasing year-by-year. This means that great progress is expected in the chemical technologies and industry.
N.E.Kuzmenko, Professor, Ph.D. in Physics and Mathimatics, Deputy Dean of the Chemistry Department of Moscow State University, Deputy Chairman of the Organizing Committee of the Olympiad continued her speech.
Nikolay Egorovich said that, IMO in Chemistry is the high level competition, because the prepared problems to solve are highly complex.
He made comments on the educational and methodological materials, in which he participated as an author, and which they brought and recommended to teachers.
After the presentations of scholars, teachers of SOOOD asked questions.
T.V.Kim, Chemistry Teacher of Special High School # 1, Taraz:
- What we should draw attention of our students at for their further successful study at the Moscow State University?
I.N.Turpakpaeva, Chemistry Teacher, “Capital Lyceum”, Astana:
- How and where can I buy your scientific and methodical literature?
G.S.Raiskhanova, Chemistry Teacher of Special High School # 2, Astana:
- Does your University provide distance training to upgrade the qualifications of Chemistry Teachers?
- What is the best topic to start teaching the 8th grade students in the subject of Chemistry?
- Which grade is the best to start learning Organic Chemistry?
- What skills and abilities a student must possess to be successful in life?
There were many questions. The dialogue took place. It was a fruitful and productive.